Tag Archives: EDC

Case Study 3: Out-of-Box Solution

The Scenario:

The Sponsor required a solution to effectively manage and control users (internal and external).
RA eClinica Solution:

    • RA eClinica collaborated with the Sponsor to develop and implement a user management system that involved training tracking record (LMS), user access request, Role-based access control
    • Develop, deploy and host the clinical documentation service and provide customer support.

Ra eClinica Results:

    • Development of an electronic tool to manage the program and provide ongoing operational management support..
    • Reports are made accessible based on permission on a web browser CFR-Part 11 compliance is maintained on security and privacy of data.
    • Reports are XML-tagged for further integration with in-house systems and third party service providers,
    • Integrated Help desk support system

Anayansi gamboa - Out of the box solutions by RA eClinica

RA eClinica is a established consultancy company for all essential aspects of statistics, clinical data management and EDC solutions. Our services are targeted to clients in the pharmaceutical and biotech sector, health insurers and medical devices.

For discussion about our services and how you can benefit from our SMEs and cost-effective implementation CDISC SDTM clinical data click here.

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Case Study 2: Supporting the Sponsor with Database Transfer Solution

Assisting the Sponsor with Database Transfer Solution

Anayansi gamboa - Data Management Support @RAeClinica

 

 
The Scenario:

The Sponsor required a large safety and data management team to assist for a submission deadline requiring the transfer of data to a new safety database for clinical trials and post-marketed products.
RA eClinica Solution:

    • RA eClinica responsible for AE/SAE reporting, safety coding, NDA submission support
    • RA eClinica collaborated with the Sponsor’s safety team to develop a functional safety alliance consisting of over 10+ team members inclusive of management, safety and data management resources
    • Ra eClinica team is responsible for managing over 5+ compounds

Ra eClinica Results:

    • RA eClinica project team exceeded the timelines, completing the tasks approximately 30-days ahead of schedule
    • RA eClinica management collaborate with the Sponsor to redefine operational workflow and processes in order to increase efficiencies across several departments (Quality Control, Pharmacovigilance)

RA eClinica is a established consultancy company for all essential aspects of statistics, clinical data management and EDC solutions. Our services are targeted to clients in the pharmaceutical and biotech sector, health insurers and medical devices.

The company is headquarter in Panama City and representation offices with business partners in the United States, India and the European Union. For discussion about our services and how you can benefit from our SMEs and cost-effective implementation CDISC SDTM clinical data click here.

Clirinx EDC Demo

Quick overview of Clirinx EDC

RA eClinica is a established consultancy company for all essential aspects of statistics, clinical data management and EDC solutions. Our services are targeted to clients in the pharmaceutical and biotech sector, health insurers and medical devices.

The company is headquarter in Panama City and representation offices with business partners in the United States, India and the European Union.  For discussion about our services and how you can benefit from our SMEs and cost-effective implementation of EDC systems, please contact us

 

Castor EDC Demo

Castor EDC Training and Support

RA eClinica is a established consultancy company for all essential aspects of statistics, clinical data management and EDC solutions. Our services are targeted to clients in the pharmaceutical and biotech sector, health insurers and medical devices.

The company is headquarter in Panama City and representation offices with business partners in the United States, India and the European Union.  For discussion about our services and how you can benefit from our SMEs and cost-effective implementation CDISC SDTM clinical data click here.

InForm EDC Features and Functionality

InForm 4.x Training
Learn the differences between 4.5 and 4.6 and new features

RA eClinica is a established consultancy company for all essential aspects of statistics, clinical data management and EDC solutions. Our services are targeted to clients in the pharmaceutical and biotech sector, health insurers and medical devices.

The company is headquarter in Panama City and representation offices with business partners in the United States, India and the European Union.  For discussion about our services and how you can benefit from our SMEs and cost-effective implementation CDISC SDTM clinical data click here.

OpenClinica: Printing subject casebooks, blank casebooks and blank CRFs

Wanna print subject casebooks using OpenClinica? This article is an extract from a video demo from the OpenClinica blog website. Click the link below now.

Source: http://blog.openclinica.com/2014/10/06/video-demos-printing-subject-casebooks-blank-casebooks-and-blank-crfs/

Happy Printing!!!

 

Fair Use Notice: This video contains some copyrighted material whose use has not been authorized by the copyright owners. We believe that this not-for-profit, educational, and/or criticism or commentary use on the Web constitutes a fair use of the copyrighted material (as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. If you wish to use this copyrighted material for purposes that go beyond fair use, you must obtain permission from the copyright owner. Fair Use notwithstanding we will immediately comply with any copyright owner who wants their material removed or modified, wants us to link to their website or wants us to add their photo.

The EDC Developer blog is “one man’s opinion”. Anything that is said on the report is either opinion, criticism, information or commentary, If making any type of investment or legal decision it would be wise to contact or consult a professional before making that decision.

Disclaimer:De inhoud van deze columns weerspiegelen niet per definitie de mening van {EDC Developer}.

ClinCapture® Tutorial – How to enter a patient schedule a visit and start entering data

ClinCapture® Tutorial – How to enter a patient, schedule a visit and start entering data – YouTube.

ClinCapture® is the most advanced open-source electronic data capture (EDC) system designed to streamline your clinical trials. As an open-source solution, ClinCapture® is tailored to meet the needs of life science companies looking to run cost-effective clinical trials.

ClinCapture® can be rapidly deployed and easily adopted, customizable to specific study requirements. ClinCapture® is repeatedly chosen as a preferred EDC solution because it is intuitive, flexible, and proven.

Source: Clinovo

FAIR USE-
“Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.”

 

anayansi gamboa

Open Source versus Commercial Systems

Types of EDC Systems: Commercial and Open Source

EDC systems can either be standalone databases on a desktop computer/server supporting a single site or they can be Web based with the ability to support multisite studies [1, 3, 27]. Based on the business model utilized and the licensing-distribution method followed, they can be broadly categorized as commercial and open-source EDC systems. Commercial EDC applications are usually developed by a for-profit company or developer group. They charge for user licenses with or without annual support contracts while the source code is not published. Some examples include Oracle® Clinical (Oracle, USA) [31], Clinsys® (Jubilant Organosys, USA) [6], InForm™ (Phase forward, USA) [22] DATATRAK Electronic Data Capture (DATATRAK, USA) [8]. On the other hand, free and open-source software are applications developed by a single or group of developers, often as a voluntary effort. The application and its source code are published online and users can download them without any cost. Some examples include DADOS P (Research on Research group, Duke University, USA) [7] OpenClinica® (Akaza Research, USA) [30], Redcap (Vanderbilt University, USA) [34] and TrialDB (Yale University, USA) [43] .

opensource_commercial

Commercial EDC Systems

Commercial EDC systems can either be purchased as a software package or through a license with periodic support either included in the package or charged separately. In some cases, users have to pay a one-time license fee while in other cases users can renew their license periodically. Troubleshooting and guidance are usually provided under support plans while bugs in the application are rectified and released under regular updates.

Commercial EDC applications are usually easy to use in light of the quality of documentation and customer support extended to users. Well-designed interfaces are responsible for their user-friendly design. Multiple levels of user access, security, adherence to industry and regulatory standards, support for the design of eCRF’s, data entry, and management are features common to many commercial EDC applications. Some of them may also be able to generate reports, for example, DATATRAK One™ (DATATRAK international Inc, USA) [8], Entrypoint Plus® (Phoenix Software International Inc, USA) [10], and CliniProteus (Roskamp Bioinformatics Core, USA) [5]. Although standalone EDC systems are prevalent, they are increasingly being offered as a part of a complete clinical trial management system (CTMS). For example Oracle Clinical and InForm are offered as a part of a larger CTMS.

Despite the benefits, commercial EDC systems are expensive [13] and frequently non-customizable. They have been considered inadequate in context to the needs of healthcare stakeholders (clinicians, administrators, and patients) [46]. Given the variety of clinical practices and research methods used, commercial EDC systems may not fit into the workflow at each clinical/research site, thus having implications on their effective and efficient use. Many of them do not support interoperable data standards, i.e. it may not be possible to merge data exported out of one EDC with data exported from another EDC system or research/clinical application. As a result data from multiple studies or sources cannot be merged and utilized for answering research questions. Since the source code is not released, users must depend on the developer group or vendor for customization and support-related requirements. This limitation is frequently referred to as “vendor lock-in,” which makes further development and maintenance of commercial EDC an expensive effort.

We reviewed the web to identify some of the prominent and popular commercial EDC systems. They include Oracle® Clinical, InForm™ and Rave® (Table 1). Among themselves they hold a larger share of the EDC market [3]. Other examples include DATATRAK and eTrials EDC (Merge Healthcare) [8, 11].

Oracle® Clinical [31] is a commercial EDC system for conduction of clinical studies and trials. It is a core component of an integrated eClinical research solution that integrates adverse event report reporting, thesaurus management, trial management and remote data capture features in a single application.

InForm™ [22] global trial management system delivers a variety of features essential for the effective and streamlined implementation of clinical studies and trials. It sports an impressive study setup page, scalability and has separate EDC and CDMS databases. Other features include an intuitive interface, streamlined workflow, reporting and analysis tools that help the study team to work more efficiently. It can also be seamlessly integrated with randomization, trial design, and medical coding modules.

The Rave® (Medidata solutions) [36] platform is another industry leader in EDC systems. It has an impressive study design tool that nullifies the need for programming skills. It offers a single, flexible and scalable platform that captures, manages and reports clinical research data. It also undertakes a balanced approach between ease of use, features and functionalities. It has the flexibility to interface with legacy systems, adheres to CDISC clinical data standards and sports a plugin for modifying the interface and functionality.

DATATRAK Electronic Data Capture has considerable market presence [8]. Its features range from patient data management, electronic forms, supports queries, alerts and visit scheduling and generation of custom reports. It is also equipped with custom checklists and workviews, configurable tools for data cleaning, real time statistical support and an integrated medical coding package.

eTrials EDC [11] is a web based application that collects, manages and analyzes clinical trial information in real time. It is a user-friendly yet robust application with an in-built workflow. It can generate reports and can easily integrate with data from other applications.

Despite being feature rich, scalable, secure and compliant to industry standards, these EDC systems are prohibitively expensive [13], thus limiting their use by individual investigators and users from developing countries that do not having adequate funding but are interested in research participation.

Open-source EDC Systems

Open and freely available source code released under open distribution licenses like general public license [14] is the defining feature in this category of EDC systems. Open source code generates a large community of users and developers that interact, modify, and enrich the source code over a period of time and report bugs and solutions, thereby enhancing the quality, features, and value of the EDC system. In order to sustain an open source license, developers usually charge for customization requests. The same is applicable to troubleshooting and support, which are usually delivered through a yearly contract or support plan. Thus, by providing free access to the source code and annulling restrictions on use, modification, and distribution, open-source EDC systems form an attractive alternative for users.

The availability of inexpensive (or free) open source EDC applications for individual physicians/researchers, departments, and institutes has the potential to improve clinical and research activities and enhance academic standards by reaching a wider audience. Since further development/customization and ownership costs are lower, institutional administrators can modify and adapt open-source EDC systems to suit their environment and workflow, thus ensuring the success of EDC implementation. User-friendly and simple interfaces, adherence to industry standard security protocols, customizability, interoperability, and low maintenance costs are some of the major benefits of open-source EDC systems. Additionally, the presence of user support groups and communities ensures continuing support.

Although open-source EDC systems have a unique mix of features, their adoption in healthcare organizations has been slow. Software cost and maintenance are not the only features that influence decision makers. For an institution/organization-wide implementation, decision makers usually prefer and opt for EDC systems that are easy to deploy, manage, and support. Not all open-source EDC systems qualify for the same. In addition, dependence on the developer community for support and updates may cripple the organization if the community stops being productive. It is possible to address this issue by hiring programmers who could work on further development and maintenance, But locating and training relevant workforce is a challenge as in many cases the background technology has a steep learning curve.

DADOS Prospective, OpenClinica® and Redcap are examples of open source EDC systems. DADOS Prospective is a Web-based application developed by the research on research group (RoR) [37] to support data collection activities among researchers, research groups, and research networks [7]. It enables users to replicate any case report form into an eCRF, collect data in single/multisite studies, and extract data in an interoperable format. It is compliant with Chapter 11, Title 21, Code of Federal Regulations [4] and Health Privacy and Accountability Act (HIPAA) guidelines for EDC. It can be used to streamline and support individual/departmental/institutional databases, registries, and single/multisite clinical/nonclinical studies and clinical at a low cost [28].

OpenClinica® [30] is an open source application that has both EDC and data management capabilities. As an EDC system, it not only facilitates collection, validation, and annotation of clinical data but also has features that allow study audits, reporting and data extraction.

Research electronic data capture—‘Redcap’ is an open source metadata driven application designed for the clinical and translational research target audience by Vanderbilt. Its features include: a streamlined process for building a database, an intuitive and secure data collection interface that supports data validation and automated data export in multiple formats. It also supports other advanced features such as branch logic and file upload. It is freely available to its consortium partners with a modest personnel investment of < 0.5 FTE that covers training and support activities [16, 34].

Source:http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3049639/

Articles from Clinical Orthopaedics and Related ResearcH
1Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School, Singapore, Singapore
2Research on Research Group, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC USA
3Department of Surgery, Duke University Medical Center, Box 3094, Durham, NC 27710 USA
4National Neuroscience Institute, Singapore, Singapore
Ricardo Pietrobon, Email: rpietro@duke.edu.
FAIR USE-
“Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.”

Your comments and questions are valued and encouraged.
Anayansi Gamboa has an extensive background in clinical data management as well as experience with different EDC systems including Oracle InForm, InForm Architect, Central Designer, CIS, Clintrial, Medidata Rave, Central Coding, OpenClinica, Open Source and Oracle Clinical.

How to Manage Sites and Users in InForm Trial?

So you created your first InForm Trial and now what? Before you can actually enter data into your trial, you need to set up a user management system which assigns permissions to different users in your system depending on their job “role”.

In InForm, this is accomplished by using a tool called ‘User Management Tool’ or simple UMT. This tool allows sponsor to manage sites and users once the trial have gone live. There may be many different user groups with different levels and ranges of permissions.

Creating an InForm Trial – UMT:

  1. Create your InForm trial in the UMT. I won’t go into details on how to actually do this and depend upon the contract agreement with the vendor (i.e. Oracle/PhaseForward); they will perform this task for you.
  2. Select Trial Version = latest InForm version (i.e. 5.0)
  3. Select Countries where this trial will take place
  4. Select Status. Each InForm trial has 4 main statuses.
    1. Fast Start = Pre-Go Live
    2. Fast Forward = Trial is now live
    3. Fast Lock = Trial is lock
    4. Decommission = Trial is completed/archived

Managing users and groups can be a tedious task but tools such as UMT makes them easier to manage.

Roles: Roles (e.g. CRA, PI, System Administrator, etc) are used to assign specific permissions to individual users or groups, typically to perform specific functions in the InForm system.

The system allows you to either manually enter a role or import using a template called ‘MUL’ or Masters Users List. If you decided to upload your rights and roles via MUL, the system will generate a log file. It is imperative that you check this file and check any errors before proceeding.

Once the roles have been added to the UMT, you need to approved them before you build your clinical trial. The system also comes with defaulted and approved rights and roles.

Another option available is to create what is called as ‘signature groups’. If you are familiar with Medidata Rave system, this is equivalent to checking the ‘Signature required’ box and setting the investigator signature in Architect project main page.

Common use of Signatures in clinical trials are at the form level (i.e. 1 signature per form or at the subject level or studybook = 1 signature per subject).

Item Groups: Items groups is used to overrides or restrict a particular user access to a form or field. This is equivalent to ‘Restrictions – View/Entry’ in Medidata Rave.

One good example of display override usage is the coding fields restrictions. If only Clinical Coders are allowed to view / entry data on those items, you will limit access to all roles but the coders role.

Here’s a snippet of the code in .XML:

<!–?xml version=”1.0″?>–>
<MEDMLDATA xmlns=”PhaseForward-MedML-Inform4″>
/*some other code goes here*/
<ITEMGROUP
GROUPNAME=”Hidden Coding Items”
GROUPDESCRIPTION=”Hidden Coding Items”>
<!– Insert ItemRef Names –>
<ITEMREF REFNAME=”PT_NAME”/>
<ITEMREF REFNAME=”HLGT_NAME”/>
<ITEMREF REFNAME=”HLT_NAME”/>
<ITEMREF REFNAME=”LLT_NAME”/>
<ITEMREF REFNAME=”SOC_NAME”/>
</ITEMGROUP>
</MEDMLDATA>

Two other important groups that you need to be aware of is the Query and the Report Groups. The former, as the name entails, allows a user to open, answer, reissue and close queries during the course of a clinical trial. The latter, allows a particular user to run reports.

For example, an Ad Hoc User can access Ad Hoc reports via Cognos. The roles associated to this group could be your project manager, Clinical Research Associate (CRA) or your Lead Data Manager (LDM/CDM).

Once you have completed your basic setup, you will need to prepare or cook those xmls files onto your clinical trial. The rights/roles we discussed needs to be in an approved status. You also want to make sure you ‘lock for QC’ or lock the trial to prevent anyone from making changes to already added sites/users.

Sites and Users marked for upload to InForm will automatically be cooked into your trial.

Last step we need to take is to generate the XML files by selecting the link ‘Generate InFormXML.’ Now, your UAT trial is created, your URL is set up and you are ready to perform User Acceptance Testing.

Remember to validate your XML files, especially if your clinical trial is running across several countries. I have found issues with foreign languages symbols or special characters entered in the UMT system. Avoid at all cost any special characters.

Source: User Management Tool Reference Guide from PhaseFoward

Your comments and questions are valued and encouraged.
Anayansi Gamboa has an extensive background in clinical data management as well as experience with different EDC systems including Oracle InForm, InForm Architect, Central Designer, CIS, Clintrial, Medidata Rave, Central Coding, OpenClinica, Open Source and Oracle Clinical.